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Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County
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Timeline of Steubenvillle, Ohio

Steubenville History

YEAR

American History

 

1492

Christopher Columbus arrives in the New World
 

1773

Boston Tea Party
 

1775

Revolutionary War officially begins with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
 

1776

Declaration of Independence
 

1778

Continental Congress approves Articles of Confederation
Fort Steuben erected for the protection of surveyors

1786

Continental Congress adopts the "Dollar" and decimal coinage
 

1787

Delegates at the Philadelphia convention approve the Constitution
 

1789

George Washington sworn in as 1st President of the United States

U.S. Congress adopts the Bill of Rights

Fort Steuben destroyed by fire

1790

US Coast Guard is established
 

1791

Bill of Rights ratified by 3/4 of states and becomes part of Constitution
Steubenville laid out by Bezaleel Wells and James Ross. First sale of town lots on August 25. Water Street is the first street in Steubenville

1797

 
First recorded birth (James Hunter) in Steubenville

1798

US Marine Corps is established
First land office established in Steubenville.
Price for land at the time: $2.00/acre with a minimum purchase of 320 acres

1800

Ohio Territory is organized
Ohio admitted into the Union as a State

1803

Louisiana Purchase
Steubenville incorporated as a town

1805

Lewis and Clark reach Pacific Ocean
Western Herald and Gazette established as first newspaper. (predecessor of the Steubenville Herald Star.)

1806

Lewis and Clark return from exploring the Louisiana Territory
 

1812

War of 1812
Edwin M. Stanton born. He later became President Lincoln's Secretary of War.

First woolens made in US at Bezaleel Wells and S. Patterson mills

1814

 

 

 

 

1815

Star-Spangled Banner becomes official national anthem

War of 1812 ends

Steubenville Female Seminary founded by Dr. Charles Clinton Beatty. Closed in 1898 after educating about 5,000 women.

1829

 
Edwin M. Stanton admitted to the practice of law

1836

 
 

1846

Mexican War begins with the battle of Palo Alto
 

1848

Mexican War ends
Steubenville incorporated as a city

1850

 
First High School in Steubenville opens

Union Cemetery opens

1854

 
First Panhandle Bridge (railroad) built over the Ohio River

1857

 
 

1861

Confederate States of America formed

Confederate Congress adopts their Constitution

Assault on Fort Sumter

President Lincoln declares a state of insurrection in the Southern States

Edwin M. Stanton appointed Secretary of War under Lincoln

1862

Emancipation Proclamation
 

1863

Battle of Gettysburg
 

1865

Confederate States surrender ending the Civil War
 

1868

President Andrew Johnson impeached. He was acquitted by the Senate three months later
 

1869

Transcontinental Railroad completed at Promontory Point, Utah
Steubenville city limits extended

1871

 
Steubenville Pottery organized. 25 citizens started the company with $25,000 worth of stock. Last firing date was December 15, 1959

1879

 
Great Flood in the Ohio River, highest water ever known until that time

1884

 
Centennial of Steubenville

1897

 
 

1898

Spanish-American War
Gill Hospital opened on North Sixth Street. Closed in 1968.

1901

President William McKinley (from Ohio) assassinated
Carnegie Library dedicated on South Fourth Street where it still stands as the Main Library of the Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County

1902

 
Market Street Bridge opens on July 2 spanning 1794 feet across the Ohio River

1905

 
Stanton portrait unveiled in the Jefferson County Courthouse

Centennial of the Steubenville Herald Star

1906

 
Ohio Valley Hospital opens as the first public hospital in the city

1912

 
 

1914

World War I begins
 

1915

British liner Lusitania sunk killing 128 Americans
 

1917

United States enters WWI
 

1918

Armistice signed ending WWI
 

1919

Treaty of Versailles, officially ending World War I
Fort Steuben Bridge opened on August 17. First Ohio River suspension bridge with a concrete floor.

1928

 
 

1929

Black Tuesday at the Stock Market signals the start of the Great Depression
Ohio River Valley Flood is the worst in the river's history. The highest recording during the flood was 52.6 feet with an elevation of 686.3

1936

Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at Berlin Olympics. Hitler refuses to meet him.
 

1939

World War II
Current Steubenville High School building built at a cost of nearly $1 million. Labeled as "First Million Dollar High School" in Ohio

1940

Benjamin Davis becomes the first African-American General in the US Army
 

1941

Japan attacks Pearl Harbor. United States enters World War II.
 

1944

D-Day invasion at the beaches in Normandy, France
 

1945

United Nations established

End of World War II

College of Steubenville opens its doors to 258 students from four states

1946

Cold War begins
Steubenville celebrates 150th birthday

1947

 
 

1949

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established
 

1950

Korean War
WSTV-TV goes on the air with facilities at the top of Altamont Hill.

1953

 
Charles "Chip" Demarco receives a patent for his invention of the first electric pizzelle iron

1956

 
St. John Hospital opens on Johnson Road

1960

 
 

1962

Cuban Missile Crisis
 

1964

United States begins military presence in Vietnam
Jefferson County Technical Institute chartered as a public two-year institution. The school became Jefferson Technical College in 1977 and later became Jefferson Community College in 1995.

1966

 
 

1969

American astronaut Neil Armstrong is the first human to walk on the moon
 

1973

Vietnam War ends
WSTV-TV becomes WTOV-TV

1978

 
 

1979

Iran Hostage Crisis
College of Steubenville becomes officially known as Franciscan University of Steubenville

1980

 
Veterans Memorial Bridge opened on May 4 after four decades of planning

1990

 
 

1991

Persian Gulf War
 

1992

United States and Russia sign a peace treaty officially ending the Cold War
Steubenville celebrates its 200th birthday

1997

 
 

1998

President William Jefferson Clinton impeached
 

1999

NATO   air strikes against Yugoslavia

Panama Canal turned over to Panama on December 31

 

Public Library of Steubenville and Jefferson County's Centennial

2002

 
Ohio Celebrates Bicentennial

2003

 
Bicentennial of Steubenville Herald-Star

2006